Information on Pichora- Auspicious tradition of Kumaoni women
In whole Kumaon region, one would have noticed on the auspicious occasions, women can be seen wearing a reddish color and bright yellow color ‘’Dupatta.’’ In Local language, it is called as Rangoli Pichora or Rangwali Pichora.
On the auspicious occasions like Marriage, Naming Ceremony, Fast, Festivals, Worship and other important day’s women wear it without any restrictions.
Importance of Pichora
Pichora Holds the same importance for women of Uttarakhand what it holds Chuda for Punjabi Women, Shakha and Pola for Bengali women, Perakh in Ladakh for Women.
For a Married Women Pichora is a sign of someone whose having her husband alive.
Pichora is an important part of Uttarakhand’s Kumaon region marriage, Women wear Pichora first time in their marriage, after that this becomes a ritual for married women to wear it on the special occasions.
Also, check – “Tehri Nath and its special value to Uttarakhand’s women“
Meaning Of Designs in Pichora:
This Dark yellow Pichora is made up of a center design of Apad. Along with this lining called Apad, Swastik and OM sign is also made on it. In Indian Culture, these sign plays a significant role.
Om signifies the whole world in a small sign and Swastik stands for Peace and Fraternity in World, on the four corners of swastika sun, moon, Shell, and ghat are drawn and on the whole lace coin like design is also made. After this design border of the Pichora is prepared.
Importance of Pichora in life of Kumaoni women
PIchora significance dates back to ancient times, at the time of Marriage Bride parents present this Pichora to their Daughter which she wears at the time of farewell.
In Uttarakhand, Pichora is so much involved in the lives of people that along with auspicious occasions it is also used at the time of the funeral of ‘’Suhagan’’ Women. Pichora signifies the completeness, red color Signify the health and happiness of the married life of women, whereas Yellow signify the connection of women from outer World.
Present state of this tradition
Presently many families of Almora District of Uttarakhand is engaged in this traditional work of making artistic Pichora by hand. Mrs. Sheela Shah engaged in making Pichora from past 35 years says-
as many as readymade Pichora is available in the market but the demand of Handmade Pichora is still High, especially in the areas like Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat and Pithoragarh. These are areas of Uttarakhand where Sheela supply her handmade Pichora but she also gets demand from Metropolitan Cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Lucknow, as well as Uttarakhand people living in foreign countries, also demands this Handmade Pichora.
In Wedding Season one artist usually makes thousand to twelve hundred Pichora, which can be cost from nine hundred to thousands depends on the weight and design of Pichora. Before Sometimes it was a tradition in Kumaon to color Pichora in their own house but with time things have changed and now only a few people are engaged in this artistic work. The people engaged in this artistic work are responsible for preserving and scattering the Old Tradition of Uttarakhand.
Handmade Pichora can be recognized with the Bright colors and designs on it. Things are changing and people are getting modern with time but this Pichora is still alive in the Tradition of Uttarakhand and with the High Demands of Pichora we can still hope for its life in Uttarakhand.
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